Tools & Strategies Wall

In my office at the junior high, I have a “Tools and Strategies” wall with several of my most-frequently-used visuals velcroed to the wall.

Here’s what I use:

My “Tools & Strategies” wall

~ Top row ~

1) 1 visual to show how the hierarchy of correcting an /r/at all of the different levels (isolation, syllable, word, etc.) for thevarious forms of /r/ (vocalic and consonantal, i.e., ear, are, or, pr, kr, tr,etc. – based on “The Entire World of R” screener).

2) An Expanding Expression Toolkit (EET) strand and visual

3) A visual I created in boardmaker to help students withdefining words.  Like EET, itstarts with the category (in green). Underneath that, are questions to help students define the word,including: “What does it look like,” “What does it sound like,” “What does ittaste like,” etc.  In the center,there’s a picture of a star with the question “What makes it special” (in otherwords, how is it different from other similar things).

4) This is a fish graphic organizer from  It is designed to help studentsremember the 6 WH- questions (who, what, when, where, why, and how).  I added boardmaker pictures of thesewords to the ends of the fish bones 😉

5) This is a word finding visual from Diane German forPro-Ed.  It has 5 steps to helpstudents store the word for later retrieval, including syllable dividing,similar sounding or cue words, and rehearsing.  Here’s a picture someone posted of the form:

~ Bottom Row ~

6) This is my articulation hierarchy form that could be usedfor any sound.  When my students reach80% accuracy on one level in the articulation hierarchy (for 1-3 sessions), Ihave them check off that level and I write the date they achieved it in thatcell.  This really helps mystudents see the light at the end of the tunnel and understand that my goal isto help them graduate from speech therapy.  I even have had students walk up to this visual on the wallto show other students what level they are working at!  It has really helped them remember todo home-practice at the appropriate level.  They now understand that just having a conversation with momis not practicing if you are only supposed to be at the phrase level.  With this visual, my students are verymotivated to reach the conversation and carryover levels that ultimately leadto graduation 😉

(I use this one for /r/ variations as well. The one shown innumber one with all of the /r/ sounds on it just serves as a visual aid to showparents and students how much work we need to do.)

7) This is a list of vocabulary strategies, like visualization,repetition, and context clues.

8) This is a “definition builder” to help kids define a wordusing a complete sentence.  Itincludes blanks and what kind of information they should put in eachblank.  It is now color coded tocorrespond to the EET.

9) This adorable visual from is a hamburger graphic organizer forwriting.  It is a reminder that the“meat” of the paragraph needs to be sandwiched between a topic sentence and aconclusion.

10) This detail tree helps students understand that the mainidea is the root of the passage. Other details in the passage branch off from the main idea. This one is also from 😉

11) This last visual shows the equation forinferences/predictions:

Background knowledge + Clues = A Good Guess


his last visual shows the equation forinferences/predictions:

Background knowledge + Clues = A Good Guess

Tools and Strategies Wall

1) R Hierarchy Visual

3) Boardmaker Definitions Visual

4) WH Fishbone Graphic Organizer

8) Definition Builder

9) Hamburger Graphic Organizer

10) Main Idea & Details Tree

Tools and Strategies Wall


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